Looking after your breasts is an important aspect of self-care. Regular self-examination helps ensure any changes are noticed early. Here are some tips for breast self-examination:

1. Examine your breasts regularly: Most healthcare providers agree that while mammograms are the best screening tool to detect breast abnormalities, a breast exam you can do at home is the best way for you to be familiar with your own breasts. Monthly breast self-exams can help you detect changes that may be signs of infection, breast disease, or breast cancer.

2. Know what’s normal for you: The goal of doing a breast self-exam is recognizing what’s normal for you. Knowing how your breasts typically look and feel can help you notice a change (if one were to occur).

3. Choose a regular time: The best time to do a monthly breast self-exam is about 3 to 5 days after your period starts. Do it at the same time every month. Your breasts are not as tender or lumpy at this time in your monthly cycle. If you have gone through menopause, do your exam on the same day every month.

4. Examine your breasts in different positions: When lying down, the breast tissue spreads out evenly along the chest wall. Place a pillow under your right shoulder and your right arm behind your head. Using your left hand, move the pads of your fingers around your right breast gently covering the entire breast area and armpit. Use light, medium, and firm pressure. Squeeze the nipple; check for discharge and lumps. Repeat these steps for your left breast. You can also examine your breasts in the shower or while standing in front of a mirror.

5. Report any changes to your doctor: If you notice any changes in your breasts, such as a lump, swelling, redness, or discharge, report them to your doctor right away.

In addition to self-examination, it is important to have regular mammograms and clinical breast exams as recommended by your healthcare provider. If you have any concerns about your breast health, talk to your doctor.

Second opinions

Enhanced Understanding of Your Medical Situation

Medical information can often be intricate and open to varying interpretations. We recognize that individuals may perceive information differently.

At Primera Hospital, our dedicated Multi-Disciplinary Team (MDT) is committed to thoroughly reviewing the specifics of your case. Our goal is to offer clear and comprehensive insights into your diagnosis and the treatment plans proposed for you. Whether the conditions under consideration are cancerous or benign, our MDT is here to simplify complex medical information, ensuring that you have a complete understanding of your healthcare journey.

Your peace of mind is our priority, and we are here to provide you with the knowledge and support you need to make informed decisions about your health. Please don’t hesitate to reach out to our team with any questions or concerns. We’re here to make your healthcare experience as transparent and manageable as possible.

 Congenital conditions of the breast

Congenital conditions of the breast are abnormalities that occur during fetal development. These conditions can affect the size, shape, and appearance of the breast. At Primera Hospital in Breast clinic we encounter  common congenital conditions of the breast as follows.

1. Supernumerary nipple and areola (Polythelia): This condition involves the presence of extra nipples or areolas on the breast. It is a common congenital anomaly that does not usually require treatment.

2. Congenital nipple inversion: This condition occurs when the breast ducts are shortened during gestation, causing the nipple to be inverted or pulled inward. It can be corrected with surgery.

3. Macromastia: This rare medical condition occurs when the breast connective tissues are excessively large. It can cause discomfort and pain and may require surgery.

4. Asymmetrical tuberous breasts: This condition is characterized by underdeveloped or asymmetrical breasts with a narrow base and a constricted lower pole. It can be corrected with surgery.

5. Unilateral breast mass: This is the most common breast abnormality seen in children younger than 12 years. It corresponds to asymmetrical breast development, where one breast commonly develops earlier than the other. It does not usually require treatment

It is important to talk to Dr Suzita and Team at Primera Hospital if you notice any changes in your breasts or have concerns about your breast health. They can provide you with information on the appropriate screening and treatment options for your specific condition.

Aquired Conditions of Breast

Mastalgia, or Breast pain,

It can be classified as either cyclical or non-cyclical.

Cyclical Mastalgia

– Occurs in relation to the menstrual cycle

– Usually affects both breasts

– Can be described as tenderness, throbbing, or sharp pain

– Often accompanied by breast swelling or lumpiness

– Typically affects women in their 30s and 40s

– Can be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers, wearing a well-fitted bra, and lifestyle changes

Non-cyclical Mastalgia

– Not related to the menstrual cycle

– Can be caused by a variety of factors, such as injury, infection, or medication

– Can be described as a sharp, burning, or stabbing pain

– Can affect one or both breasts

– Typically affects women over the age of 40

– Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may include medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes

It is important to talk to Dr Suzita at Primera Breast clinic if you experience breast pain, especially if it is severe or lasts longer than three weeks. They can help determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment options. In most cases, breast pain is not a cause for concern, but it is important to rule out any serious underlying conditions.

Mammary Duct Ectasia

Mammary Duct Ectasia is a breast condition that occurs when a milk duct in the breast widens and its walls thicken. It is a common condition that can cause nipple discharge, breast tenderness, or inflammation of the clogged duct. The nipple and nearby breast tissue may be tender and red, and the nipple may be pulled inward.

Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and may include over-the-counter pain relievers, warm compresses, or surgery.

 If you notice any changes in your breasts or have concerns about your breast health, talk to your breast surgeon at Primera Hospital.

Phyllodes tumor

Phyllodes Tumors: Understanding and Raising Awareness

Phyllodes tumors are a rare but important aspect of breast health that deserves attention and awareness. Here’s what you should know:

1. Rarity: Phyllodes tumors account for less than 1% of all breast tumors. They predominantly affect women but can occur in men as well.

2. Spectrum of Behavior: Phyllodes tumors come in three categories: benign (noncancerous), borderline (with some features of malignancy), and malignant (cancerous). Proper diagnosis and classification are crucial for treatment planning.

3. Rapid Growth: These tumors often grow rapidly and can become quite large. This rapid growth can be concerning, leading to early detection and intervention.

4. Symptoms: A painless breast lump is the most common symptom. Other signs may include breast pain, changes in breast shape, or skin abnormalities.

5. Diagnosis: Diagnosis involves a combination of physical exams, imaging (like mammography and ultrasound), and a biopsy to determine the tumor’s nature.

6. Treatment: Treatment depends on the tumor’s classification and size. Surgery is the primary treatment, with more extensive procedures for borderline and malignant tumors. Follow-up care is essential.

7. Prognosis: Benign phyllodes tumors generally have an excellent prognosis. Borderline and malignant tumors have a higher risk of recurrence and metastasis, emphasizing the importance of vigilant follow-up care.

8. Advocacy: Raising awareness about phyllodes tumors is vital. Knowledge empowers individuals to seek early diagnosis and appropriate care, ultimately improving outcomes.